We tested eleven of the most popular bottle warmers in multiple metrics over several months to discover everything we could. We learned the most important qualities and features you'll want to look for when making a bottle warmer purchase.
Why Purchase a Bottle Warmer?
While a bottle warmer isn't a necessity, if you're warming more than one or two bottles a day or your baby prefers for milk to be a certain temperature, then you may find it convenient to have a warmer.
The bottom line is that a bottle warmer can be a convenient time-saver, but it is not a must-have baby product. So, let's look at the alternatives side-by-side to help you assess whether the cost justifies the convenience.
Breastmilk starts degrading in nutritional and immunological value at 104 F / 40 C, but deterioration accelerates as temperatures climb higher than 113F/45C. You should aim to warm baby's milk to approximately 98.6 F / 37 C (body temperature) or less.
Three Ways to Warm a Baby Bottle
It's the middle of the night. Baby is hungry, and it's your turn to feed him. Time for the midnight shuffle. Do you grab the baby and then go warm the bottle or vice versa?Good options for warming the bottle include:
- Stand at the sink while swirling the bottle under warm tap water (not too hot)
- Put the bottle into a bowl of warm water with intermittent swirling (again, not too hot)
- Use a bottle warmer
The first two options require constant attention which is asking a lot when you're half asleep with a hungry, crying baby. The advantage of a bottle warmer is that your hands are free and you can focus on your baby's other needs like a diaper change or cuddle time.
Is it worth it? That's a personal decision, but many parents find the convenience to be worth the cost, especially if you plan to bottle feed or want to share night duties with your partner to catch up on some valuable sleep.
Never use the microwave to heat your baby's meal, including formula, breastmilk, or purees. High, focused heat generated by a microwave can results in dangerous "hot-spots" in both liquids and solids. If not correctly mixed, cooled, and checked, this can result in scalding injury to the baby. Also, a microwave is likely to heat at least some, if not all, of the breast milk above 104 F / 40 C, the temperature at which beneficial enzymes, nutrients, and antibodies begin to degrade reducing healthful benefits for baby.Furthermore, putting a bottle in a pan of boiling water or just boiled water can also lead to overheating and should not be done.
Selecting the Right Product
Apart from the convenience of being hands-free when warming a bottle, a great bottle warmer should deliver on the following five factors:
- Health & Safety — Avoiding the risk of burn injury as well as providing nutritionally intact breast milk at an appropriate temperature for the baby is essential. Generally, a good rule of thumb is to heat to near body temperature 98.5F/37C and not much higher. More on this below where we discuss Preserve the Full Nutritional Value of Breast Milk.
- Efficiency — Ability to warm contents quickly and consistently
- Ease of Use — Easy to operate and maintain
- Versatility — Accepts different shaped bottles of any material
- Portability and Footprint — Easy to transport and fits in your kitchen
Preserve the Full Nutritional Value of Breast Milk
As we describe in our related article, Best Practices for Handling Breast Milk, your breastmilk is "liquid gold" in its nutritional value for your baby, but the nutrition can be degraded by overheating.
Once you warm breast milk to temperatures higher than 104 F / 40 C, its nutritional and immunological value begins to deteriorate, both of which are crucial to baby's health and immunity. However, degradation does not become severe until temperatures rise above 113F / 45C. For example, in a study conducted by the University of Manchester, breastmilk heated for 10 minutes at 113 F / 45 C showed a 10% loss of essential nutritional activated enzymes. And, just 1 minute at 131 F / 55 C results in a 50% loss of activated enzymes, but no significant damage occurred after 20 minutes at 104 F / 40 C (or lower temps).
Luke Warm, Not Hot
Keep in mind that the ideal breast milk temperature is around body temperature, 98.6 F / 37 C, or less which feels lukewarm.
Options and Features
Bottle warmers come in all shapes and sizes and use two different methods to warm your baby's meal.
Water Bath Versus Steam Heat Technology
Bottle warmers use either a warm water bath or steam heat while a few have both.
A water bath warmer heats breastmilk or formula gently by circulating warm water around the bottle. They tend to heat slower, but they heat consistently without the high temperatures required to produce steam. We recommend a bottle warmer that uses water bath technology. The benefits are this gentle warming helps breastmilk retain maximal nutrients, maternal antibodies, and other potential health promoting factors. We also consider it safer as the water used is warm rather than hot, potentially scalding steam.
Of the bottle warmers we tested, the Editors' Choice winners Kiinde Kozii and Tommee Tippee Pump and Go Bottle and Pouch Warmer, the Best Value Chicco NaturalFit, the Baby Brezza Safe and Smart, and the Philips AVENT Fast are water bath warmers.
With steam heat, water inside a reservoir comes into contact with an internal heating element (like a hot plate) which produces steam that heats liquid bottle contents. While this method usually heats faster than water baths, hot water and scalding steam rise up to very high temperatures. The result? The bottle's exterior is often very hot after a heat cycle, typically necessitating a cool down before being useful. If spillage of warmer contents were to occur, the risk of burn injury is present. Also, steam does not always heat evenly. This uneven heating means that significant temperature variations may exist throughout the contents of a heated bottle and without thorough mixing and checking, hot-spots are a risk. In our opinion, these high temperatures carry unnecessary risk.
Lastly, because steam heat typically generates high temperatures, there is increased potential for nutritional degradation of breastmilk if brought to temperatures >104F/40C. What we found in our testing is that a few of the units make it far too easy to overheat breastmilk, which results in a significant loss of nutritional quality.
Baby bottles can be narrow or wide and short or tall. As such, some bottles may not fit inside the bottle warmer's chamber. Also, material limitations may mean that a certain warmer isn't compatible with a particular baby bottle like the Boon Orb and glass bottles. Also, some bottle warmers (usually steam technology) require either plastic or shatter-resistant glass like borosilicate found in Lifefactory because the quick heating process may cause the glass to break.
If you are uncertain which bottle type and nipple your baby prefers (i.e., they haven't been born yet), choosing a bottle warmer that accommodates all bottle sizes and materials is smart. The Kiinde Kozii, and theTommee Tippee Pump and Go Bottle and Pouch Warmer are excellent choices for versatility and fit every bottle and pouch we tried. The Chicco NaturalFit is good for different bottle types but is not compatible with breastmilk storage pouches.
Auto Shut-Off Feature with Timer
We highly recommend buying a bottle warmer with an automatic shut off feature. Most warmers shut off automatically based on either a timer or a temperature reading. In our testing, the timer-based, auto shut-offs were reliable and easy to use and read. Timers allow for some adjusting, and once you've found the time setting that's best for your baby, it's easy to remember for next use. Plus, it's helpful to know how much longer you'll need to wait before the bottle is ready for your baby. The only warmer in our review that does not include this feature is the Philips Avent Fast.
Though a temperature-based shut-off sounds ideal, we found that this method didn't work as well in practice often under-heating bottles with a few overheating incidents. The one exception is the Chicco NaturalFit which heated consistently to an adequate temperature without going over 100F/37.8C.
Audible End Beep
An audible beep at auto shut-off is useful because it is easy to get sidetracked with the baby when the bottle is warming. For many of the warmers in our tests, the temperature of the bottle's contents will continue to rise if left in the warmer after the auto shut-off which can lead to overheating. Because breastmilk begins to degrade significantly above at 113F/40C to 45C, removing a bottle promptly after the beep is essential.
Some warmers require that you add water each time, while others have a built-in reservoir that monitors the water for you and lasts through several cycles. The Kiinde Kozii, Chicco NaturalFit, and the Dr. Brown's Deluxe do not require a refill with every use which can save you valuable time and effort or at least late night frustration.
Making Your Selection
Taking into account the various features and options and asking yourself the following questions can help you narrow down your options to help you find the best warmer for your family.
Consider Warming Efficiency
Since a bottle warmer's primary purpose is to provide your baby with a comfortably warm meal, this should be a high priority. You'll want to be able to toss in a bottle, tend to the baby, and return to a perfect meal every time. Some warmers are capable of producing a consistently warmed bottle every time, while others warmer results vary leaving us with an overly hot or still cool bottle. Because time is precious, we urge you to consider a consistent warmer like the Chicco NaturalFit which heats consistent and close to the ideal temperature of 98 degrees each time. The Kiinde Kozi also heats consistently but with a lower final temperature.
Is it Easy to Use?
Before a bottle warmer can fit seamlessly into your routine, you have to learn how to use it. Out of the box, the warmers in our tests include a wide variety of "parts," ranging from one solid unit like the Kiinde Kozii to a unit plus a bunch of extra pieces. Other things to consider are the setting options and heating charts and how hard they are to remember or use. No matter what, using the warmer takes some adjustments and fiddling, but it should be close to the instructions.
It's important to be aware that you will inevitably go through some trial and error before you consistently reach the perfect setting for the particular bottle and starting milk temperature that your baby uses most often. But it shouldn't take more than a day or so of fiddling to get your machine working properly. Some of the easiest to use warmers in our tests are the award-winning Kiinde Kozii, Tommee Tippee Pump and Go Bottle and Pouch Warmer, and the Chicco NaturalFit.
What's Your Bottle Style?
You'll also want to think about the type of bottle you'll be using. As we mentioned above, some warmers don't fit extra-wide based bottles like a Tommee Tippee. Other bottle warmers, like the Boon Orb offer adapters for wide-mouth and narrow bottles. We find that the Kiinde Kozii, Tommee Tippee Pump and Go Bottle and Pouch Warmer, and the Chicco NaturalFit work the best with all bottle types, and the first two also work with milk storage bags.
Do You Have Multiples?
Lastly, you'll want to be aware that many of the warmers have a recommended wait time between running warming cycles consecutively. Being able to start another warming cycle immediately would be very important if you were heating two or more bottles in a row, say for twins. It's also handy if the first cycle doesn't quite get the milk warm enough and you need to add more time. The longest wait time we found between uses was close to 30 minutes (or until the unit cools down) for the Chicco NaturalFit, while the Tommee Tippee doesn't list a wait time.
Can You Keep it Clean?
This metric is pretty self-explanatory, but something you'll want to consider. Although cleaning isn't always a per-use or even daily requirement, cleaning is essential to keeping this type of product in proper running order. We found that unless you spill milk on the unit, cleaning comes down to proper maintenance. Since this type of product uses water in some form or another to warm the bottle, the issue lies in mineral deposits forming somewhere on the unit, usually in the warming chamber and on the heating element.
Every warmer we tested instructs you to use a vinegar solution rinse on occasion (also called descaling) to get rid of these deposits (the Kiinde recommends a bleach/water solution). We also found that the warmers that use a reservoir system carry a higher risk for mold or mildew build-up in the reservoir itself, so they should be cleaned out more often to help avoid that possibility.
The addition of a bottle warmer to your baby gear line-up can help things run more smoothly. We believe our comprehensive testing and review provides the information you need to find the warmer that is right for you and your family. Whether you decide on an award winner or a top-contender, you can do so with confidence knowing you have the information you need to make an informed choice.